DeKalb County Crop Report

for the week of

May 14, 2017 - May 20, 2017

Listing weekly and cumulative rainfall (April 16 to present) followed by reporters comments.

To comment on this report or make recommendations for improving or adding to the report, please e-mail dyaeger@mchsi.com.

If this information is of value to you, please bookmark this page (ctrl + d) and come back.

The Crop Reporters Service is a crop assessment program of the DeKalb County Farm Bureau. Crop Reporters voluntarily provide updated rainfall and related crop information for the benefit of area farmers weekly.

For more information and to volunteer to be a Crop Reporter please contact the Farm Bureau, 815/756-6361.


FOR THE DEKALB COUNTY MARKET REPORT click here

The report contains the following items:

  • Weather
  • Market Prices for Grain & Livestock
  • Market Analysis/Commentaries
  • Agriculural news

Information is posted on a daily basis during the week.

Crop Reporters - Crop reporters are listed by township. Red dots indicates general location within the township where the reading was taken.

  1. Russ Deverell
  2. Ron Peabody
  3. Henry Burgweger
  4. Ed/Eric Gabriel
  5. Jim Quincer
  6. Roger Faivre
  7. David Yaeger
  8. Eric Lawler and Steve Glascock
  9. Mullins Farm
  10. Wesley Anderson
  11. Roy and Lester Plote
  12. Chris Frieders
Franklin
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:

you might want to reread an article by Emerson Nafzinger that is printed at the end of this weeks post. It was first posted in 2015.

 

Kingston
Reported By: Russ Deverell
Weekly: .72
Cumulative: 6.07

 Another .72 inches rain this week, ending May 20th. 3 separate rains left about .2+ in the gauge each time. Fired up the tractor and did some disking /smoothing of gullys in prep of planting. Ground is still too wet to work, but what should you do? Seems like waiting for drier dirt just lets it get wet again! Fields that were planted earlier are sprouting and fighting to get a good stand…

Russ D.

Genoa
Reported By: Ron Peabody
Weekly: 1.10
Cumulative: 6.43

 

Genoa Report: Week of May 14, 2017

This planting season is turning into a real mess in DeKalb County.
It’s been a real struggle to get the crops planted between rain
events.  Many fields planted in April are struggling with emergence.
Some farmers have knocked the rust off of rotary hoes to attempt
to break crusted soils and give those fragile seedlings a fighting
chance.  And the struggles continues.  Most of our precipitation
this week came in the second half of the week.  Our gauge shows
a weekly total of 1.1”.  Good luck friends.

Ron

South Grove
Reported By: Henry Burgweger
Weekly: .90
Cumulative: 6.00
 Total precipitation for last we was 1”. A lot got planted, but need a few more days to finish corn. Some replant considerations from the April 22-26 plantings. Most of it looks really good, but where any water sat for any length of time doesn’t look like it’s going to make it.
  
Henry
Mayfield
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:
Sycamore
Reported By: Ed/Eric Gabriel
Weekly: 1.10
Cumulative: 7.50
  1.1″ of rain for the week in Sycamore Township.
Eric
 
Malta
Reported By: Jim Quincer
Weekly: .60
Cumulative: 5.51

 for the week .60 inches rain

Jim

DeKalb
Reported By: Roger Faivre
Weekly: .82
Cumulative: 9.77

  We received .02” of rain for the week, with another 0.8” as of Sundaymorning.

 

We were able to get a little corn and soybeans planted in between showers.

 

Roger

Cortland
Reported By: David Yaeger
Weekly: 2.10
Cumulative: 7.80

 The first of the week allowed us to get the field corn planted. Then the rain came – familiar!! Only so much work on equipment is necessary but this spring it better be ready to work.

Dave

Milan
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:

 

 

 

Afton
Reported By: Eric Lawler/ Steve Glascock/Eric Shearer
Weekly: 1.00
Cumulative: 5.76

 Total precipitation for last week was 1”. A lot got planted, but need a few more days to finish corn. Some replant considerations from the April 22-26 plantings. Most of it looks really good, but where any water sat for any length of time doesn’t look like it’s going to make it.

 

 

 

Eric Shearer

Farm Manager

 

PO Box 563

7985 Keslinger  Rd.

DeKalb IL 60115

(815)-756-2431

(815)677

Pierce
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:
Shabbona
Reported By: Mullins Farm - Leanne Hickey
Weekly: 1.08
Cumulative: 6.01
 1.08 in May 14-20
 Leanne Hickey
Mullins Grain Co.
 
Clinton
Reported By: Wesley Anderson
Weekly: .90
Cumulative: 6.30

 Rain for the week  .90  inches

Wes

 

Squaw Grove
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:
Paw Paw
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:

 

 
Victor
Reported By: Roy & Lester Plote
Weekly: R= 1.55 //// L= 1.70
Cumulative: R - 7.30 /// L= 8.70
 
 Rain  L- 1.7″  R- 1.55″
 
The early week finally allowed some fieldwork and planting progress.  We averaged over 250 ac/day with one 24 row planting corn Mon-Wed, finishing 11 fields.  Yes, we still had some wet spots to avoid, and yes I got stuck with the 4WD, leveling spring plowed corn stalks… dry on top, and muck underneath.   Luckily, we could unhook the implement and drive the tractor right out.  Pulled on hitch with tow rope from drier ground previously worked, and just left 4 major ruts…. a couple acres left for a better planting experience.  Others left hills of mud evidence even with a 4 trac tractor nearby the day before.
 
So, we still hope to plant another 80-100 ac of corn, but feel content with getting 90% in before this rain.  And, all the soybeans to yet to plant, and more spraying to do.
 
Most have a good start on planting, some had to spend time in the hoe instead or at the same time as planting again.  We may all be getting the hoes out yet, who knows.
 
Looks like another week to work with cattle.
 
Roy
Somonauk
Reported By: Chris Frieders
Weekly: 1.20
Cumulative: 8.20
 
 
Crop Report  the week of May 14th through May 20th.
 
The week started out with actually some field work getting done again.  The only problem is that the week ended with rain again.  For the week we had 1.2 inches of rain.  We just can’t seem to go more than a couple days in a row out in the field before it rains again.  If this was the middle of July or August it would be great, but it is May and you just can’t get much planted like this.  The first planted corn has finally emerged and some of it has a poor stand.  Some in the area replanted some of the early planted corn this week.  It’s bad that you have to replant corn before you are finished planting it for the first time though.  Let’s hope next week is better and we can finish up corn planting.  Hope everyone has a good week.
 
 Chris Frieders
   
University Of Illinois
Reported By: // Emerson Nafziger
Weekly:
Cumulative:

 

Planting into Cool Soils – Yes or No?

While research shows that the last 10 days of April is on average the best time to plant corn in Illinois, expectations of below-normal temperatures in most of Illinois during the last week of April has some wondering if it makes sense to plant now or to wait until temperatures warm up.

Averaged over the past 22 years, Illinois corn producers have planted 16% of the crop by April 20. NASS reported that 15% of the crop was planted by April 19 this year, so planting progress to date is right at the average. There will be some progress to report this week, though rainfall coupled with cooler temperatures will limit the rate at which fields get ready to plant in some areas. Still, we may be on track to maintain planting progress at the average rate, which would mean having close to 40% planted by April 30.

Research tells us that planting before May 1 almost always yields more than planting later, with yield loss accelerating with delays past early May. Planting date and yields over years for the whole state often give a different picture, however.  Over the past 22 years, in fact, there has been no correlation between the date by which 50% of the corn crop was planted and statewide yield, measured as departure from trendline yield in order to correct for the upward yield trend over time.

In 2014, 36% of the Illinois corn crop was planted by April 30, and the average yield was 200 bushels per acre. In contrast, 81% of the crop was planted by April 30 in 2012, but the average yield was only 105 bushels per acre. Two of the latest-planted crops in recent years – 2009 and 2013, with hardly any corn was planted by April 30 – produced yields more than 10 bushels above trendline yields. So it is clear that what happens with weather during the season can override when the crop was planted, at least over a large area.

But for each individual field we still need to try to plant as early as conditions allow. Even if planting a week or two later would have little effect on yield in that field that year, we need to “start so we can finish” – getting all fields planted by early May is a goal as we try to maximize yield potential. But might this year be an exception, with potential for harm from planting into cool soils in the last week of April, with the weather forecast indicating that temperatures may stay low for the next week?

As a principle, waiting until soil is dry enough to allow planting into good seedbed and rooting (less-compacted) conditions is more important when soils are cool than when they are warm. We never want to work soils wet and plant under wet soil conditions if we can help it, but we certainly do not want to do that in April, especially when soil temperatures are less than normal.

So our first question should be whether or not the soil is dry enough; if the answer is no, then we wait. Cool soils dry slowly, and wet soils warm slowly, so waiting might take an extra measure of patience, especially if a neighbor brings out the planter. There is some comfort in the fact that germination and emergence are slow in cool soils, so planting a few days earlier when it’s cool makes very little difference in how far along the crop will be on a given date later in the season.

According to the Illinois State Water Survey, minimum temperatures 2 inches beneath bare soil on April 21 averaged about 40 degrees in the northern half of Illinois and in the upper 40s in southern Illinois. That’s a drop of more than 10 degrees over four days. And the weather forecast indicates that soils may not warm up much by the end of April. If we go by the old standard recommendation that corn should be planted only after the minimum soil temperature 2 inches deep exceeds 50 degrees, we would have planted for perhaps half the days in April through April 19, but none since then. Maximum temperatures 2 inches deep reached the 80s on April 17, but only averaged in the low 60s on April 21.

It takes soil temperatures of 50 or above to get the germination process underway, but does this mean that we should avoid planting corn into soils where temperature at seeding depth averages less than 50? Based on a lot of planting date work, we would say that the danger from doing this in minimal. It takes about 115 or so growing degree days (GDD, based on air temperature) after planting to get corn plants to emerge, and emergence has usually been good even when it has taken 3 weeks for this number of GDD to accumulate. Planting date has had little or no effect on emergence in most of these trials.

Normal GDD accumulation in the month of April ranges from about 180 in northern Illinois to 220 in central Illinois to 300 in southern Illinois. So far in April 2015, we have had about 200 GDD accumulate at Urbana. With the slowdown this week, the total will end up somewhere around the average for this month. We made our first planting here in the planting date trial on April 1, and it emerged more or less on schedule, around April 16. We can expect corn planted on April 22 or 23 to take at least this long to emerge, and longer if temperatures don’t rebound next week.

The chances of getting good emergence when planting into cool soils are higher if here is little or no rain between planting and emergence. Cool soils bring slow germination and emergence, but they may lower the chance of emergence problems due to soil crusting or to saturated soil. Crusting problems usually develop after intense rainfall followed by warm, dry conditions that help “bake” the crust. Warm soils mean more rapid growth of seedlings, which can mean running out of oxygen sooner if soils become saturated. So while we would prefer warmer and relatively dry soils, next best is having cool and dry soils. Most stand problems occur when soils are warmer, simply because that’s when the plants are trying to grow faster. Still, warm soils help bring the crop up, and we hope that they start to warm soon.

Heavy rainfall is not predicted for this coming week or so, which is a positive. Taking the longer view, temperatures in May will inevitably start to rise at some point in time, and this will speed up emergence. Taking all the factors together, I would suggest that planting proceed as long as soil conditions are good, even if the germination process will be slow due to cool soils in the near term.

One of the concerns being mentioned is “imbibitional chilling injury” that has been reported when seeds and seedling take up water that is colder than 40 degrees. This can stiffen plant cell membranes and lead to damage, in some cases distorting growth and reducing emergence. This has usually been linked with melting snow or very cold rainfall after planting. It’s something to keep in mind, but it has been rare in Illinois (we think there was some in corn planted around April 20-25 in western Illinois in 2011) and it should probably not keep us from planting in the last week of April. Higher, drier fields are less likely to suffer from this, and should be planted first.