DeKalb County Crop Report

for the week of

July 09, 2017 - July 15, 2017

Listing weekly and cumulative rainfall (April 16 to present) followed by reporters comments.

To comment on this report or make recommendations for improving or adding to the report, please e-mail dyaeger@mchsi.com.

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The Crop Reporters Service is a crop assessment program of the DeKalb County Farm Bureau. Crop Reporters voluntarily provide updated rainfall and related crop information for the benefit of area farmers weekly.

For more information and to volunteer to be a Crop Reporter please contact the Farm Bureau, 815/756-6361.


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The report contains the following items:

  • Weather
  • Market Prices for Grain & Livestock
  • Market Analysis/Commentaries
  • Agriculural news

Information is posted on a daily basis during the week.

Crop Reporters - Crop reporters are listed by township. Red dots indicates general location within the township where the reading was taken.

  1. Russ Deverell
  2. Ron Peabody
  3. Henry Burgweger
  4. Ed/Eric Gabriel
  5. Jim Quincer
  6. Roger Faivre
  7. David Yaeger
  8. Eric Lawler and Steve Glascock
  9. Mullins Farm
  10. Wesley Anderson
  11. Roy and Lester Plote
  12. Chris Frieders
Franklin
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:

 

 

Kingston
Reported By: Russ Deverell
Weekly: 1.50
Cumulative: 13.82

For the week ending Sat. July 15, we received another 1.5 inches of rain. Combine is outside getting ready for wheat harvest, and it got rained on last night! Was hoping to start wheat early this week, but maybe not..

 

Russ D.

Genoa
Reported By: Ron Peabody
Weekly: 2.50
Cumulative: 17.35

 Genoa Report: Week of July 9, 2017


Plenty of moisture for corn pollination this season.
In some fields way too much!  Another abundant
precipitation week.  Add 2.5” to the seasonal tally.

 

Ron

South Grove
Reported By: Henry Burgweger
Weekly: .80
Cumulative: 12.75
 
Had .8 tenths for the week. Have a good day
 
Henry
Mayfield
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:
Sycamore
Reported By: Ed/Eric Gabriel
Weekly: 1.50
Cumulative: 14.80

Rainfall in (or one spot in) Sycamore Township last week was 1.5″
 
I could not help but think there was a mistake in the rain total for the week with only 1.5″. The se corner of Genoa township had a little over 2.5″ for the week and my farm in Hampshire township had about 6″. As expected the crops around Sycamore look the best, other areas continue to receive more rain than the soil can hold.
 
Have a great week,
 
Eric
 
Malta
Reported By: Jim Quincer
Weekly: 1.80
Cumulative: 12.30

 . I had 1 and 8/10s inches.

Jim

DeKalb
Reported By: Roger Faivre
Weekly: 1.90
Cumulative: `14.27

 

 We received 1.9” of rain for the week .  The corn is beginning to tassel and the soybeans are blooming.

Roger

Cortland
Reported By: David Yaeger
Weekly: .1.73
Cumulative: 13.04

Weather is cooperating now. Heat and rain combing to push the crops. Garden looks great. The hoop house has tomatoes peppers and cucumbers ripe. Outside onions and garlic are being harvested. Weed control is the work of the week. 

Dave. 

Milan
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:

 

 

 

Afton
Reported By: Eric Lawler/ Steve Glascock/Eric Shearer
Weekly:
Cumulative: 10.11

 

 

 

Thanks,

 

Eric Shearer

Farm Manager

 

PO Box 563

7985 Keslinger  Rd.

DeKalb IL 60115

(815)-756-2431

(815)677

Pierce
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:
Shabbona
Reported By: Mullins Farm - Leanne Hickey
Weekly: 1.41
Cumulative: 11.05
1.41 in of rain July 9-15
 
 Leanne Hickey
 
 
Mullins Grain Co.
 
Clinton
Reported By: Wesley Anderson
Weekly: 1.60
Cumulative: 11.95

 Rain for the week  1.60 inches

Wes

 

Squaw Grove
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:
Paw Paw
Reported By:
Weekly:
Cumulative:

 

 
Victor
Reported By: Roy & Lester Plote
Weekly: R= .1.30 //// L= 1.50
Cumulative: R - 12.65 /// L= 14.30

Rain L- 1.5″. R- 1.3″

Beans are finally getting some growth.  First planted corn in area is rasselling. We should have some this week.  Marestail needs the metal treatment, a hoe!  Friday was a great day to work cattle through the chute, almost 200 head in 175 minutes including sorting by weight.  Even Lester was surprised.  Markets still trying to assess yield potential.  Hail storms again robbing top end yields from some of the better looking areas of the state.

 
Roy Plote

PCI (Perfect Choice Investments) 2368 Leland Rd

Leland,IL; 60531

815.495.2067

Somonauk
Reported By: Chris Frieders
Weekly: 1.60
Cumulative: 15.35
 
Crop Report for the week of July 9th through July 15th.
 
This was a pretty good growing week this past week.  For the week we had 1.6 inches of rain.  The temps were on the hot side for most of the week but by the end got a little break from the heat.  The corn that was planted at the end of April is starting to tassel in the area as well.  It looks like it is going to be really drawn out this year between the first tasseled corn and the last.  The soybeans are progressing as well, and are looking better now that they are getting some height to them.  There has been a lot of Japanese beetles in the area, but so far they haven’t been bad enough in the soybeans to warrant spraying for them.  Hopefully, they don’t get to that point.  The wheat that was harvested last week went a little 100bu to the acre.  So hopefully that is a good sign for things to come this fall.  I hope everyone has a good week.
 
 Chris Frieders
   
University Of Illinois
Reported By: // Emerson Nafziger
Weekly:
Cumulative:

 

Planting into Cool Soils – Yes or No?

While research shows that the last 10 days of April is on average the best time to plant corn in Illinois, expectations of below-normal temperatures in most of Illinois during the last week of April has some wondering if it makes sense to plant now or to wait until temperatures warm up.

Averaged over the past 22 years, Illinois corn producers have planted 16% of the crop by April 20. NASS reported that 15% of the crop was planted by April 19 this year, so planting progress to date is right at the average. There will be some progress to report this week, though rainfall coupled with cooler temperatures will limit the rate at which fields get ready to plant in some areas. Still, we may be on track to maintain planting progress at the average rate, which would mean having close to 40% planted by April 30.

Research tells us that planting before May 1 almost always yields more than planting later, with yield loss accelerating with delays past early May. Planting date and yields over years for the whole state often give a different picture, however.  Over the past 22 years, in fact, there has been no correlation between the date by which 50% of the corn crop was planted and statewide yield, measured as departure from trendline yield in order to correct for the upward yield trend over time.

In 2014, 36% of the Illinois corn crop was planted by April 30, and the average yield was 200 bushels per acre. In contrast, 81% of the crop was planted by April 30 in 2012, but the average yield was only 105 bushels per acre. Two of the latest-planted crops in recent years – 2009 and 2013, with hardly any corn was planted by April 30 – produced yields more than 10 bushels above trendline yields. So it is clear that what happens with weather during the season can override when the crop was planted, at least over a large area.

But for each individual field we still need to try to plant as early as conditions allow. Even if planting a week or two later would have little effect on yield in that field that year, we need to “start so we can finish” – getting all fields planted by early May is a goal as we try to maximize yield potential. But might this year be an exception, with potential for harm from planting into cool soils in the last week of April, with the weather forecast indicating that temperatures may stay low for the next week?

As a principle, waiting until soil is dry enough to allow planting into good seedbed and rooting (less-compacted) conditions is more important when soils are cool than when they are warm. We never want to work soils wet and plant under wet soil conditions if we can help it, but we certainly do not want to do that in April, especially when soil temperatures are less than normal.

So our first question should be whether or not the soil is dry enough; if the answer is no, then we wait. Cool soils dry slowly, and wet soils warm slowly, so waiting might take an extra measure of patience, especially if a neighbor brings out the planter. There is some comfort in the fact that germination and emergence are slow in cool soils, so planting a few days earlier when it’s cool makes very little difference in how far along the crop will be on a given date later in the season.

According to the Illinois State Water Survey, minimum temperatures 2 inches beneath bare soil on April 21 averaged about 40 degrees in the northern half of Illinois and in the upper 40s in southern Illinois. That’s a drop of more than 10 degrees over four days. And the weather forecast indicates that soils may not warm up much by the end of April. If we go by the old standard recommendation that corn should be planted only after the minimum soil temperature 2 inches deep exceeds 50 degrees, we would have planted for perhaps half the days in April through April 19, but none since then. Maximum temperatures 2 inches deep reached the 80s on April 17, but only averaged in the low 60s on April 21.

It takes soil temperatures of 50 or above to get the germination process underway, but does this mean that we should avoid planting corn into soils where temperature at seeding depth averages less than 50? Based on a lot of planting date work, we would say that the danger from doing this in minimal. It takes about 115 or so growing degree days (GDD, based on air temperature) after planting to get corn plants to emerge, and emergence has usually been good even when it has taken 3 weeks for this number of GDD to accumulate. Planting date has had little or no effect on emergence in most of these trials.

Normal GDD accumulation in the month of April ranges from about 180 in northern Illinois to 220 in central Illinois to 300 in southern Illinois. So far in April 2015, we have had about 200 GDD accumulate at Urbana. With the slowdown this week, the total will end up somewhere around the average for this month. We made our first planting here in the planting date trial on April 1, and it emerged more or less on schedule, around April 16. We can expect corn planted on April 22 or 23 to take at least this long to emerge, and longer if temperatures don’t rebound next week.

The chances of getting good emergence when planting into cool soils are higher if here is little or no rain between planting and emergence. Cool soils bring slow germination and emergence, but they may lower the chance of emergence problems due to soil crusting or to saturated soil. Crusting problems usually develop after intense rainfall followed by warm, dry conditions that help “bake” the crust. Warm soils mean more rapid growth of seedlings, which can mean running out of oxygen sooner if soils become saturated. So while we would prefer warmer and relatively dry soils, next best is having cool and dry soils. Most stand problems occur when soils are warmer, simply because that’s when the plants are trying to grow faster. Still, warm soils help bring the crop up, and we hope that they start to warm soon.

Heavy rainfall is not predicted for this coming week or so, which is a positive. Taking the longer view, temperatures in May will inevitably start to rise at some point in time, and this will speed up emergence. Taking all the factors together, I would suggest that planting proceed as long as soil conditions are good, even if the germination process will be slow due to cool soils in the near term.

One of the concerns being mentioned is “imbibitional chilling injury” that has been reported when seeds and seedling take up water that is colder than 40 degrees. This can stiffen plant cell membranes and lead to damage, in some cases distorting growth and reducing emergence. This has usually been linked with melting snow or very cold rainfall after planting. It’s something to keep in mind, but it has been rare in Illinois (we think there was some in corn planted around April 20-25 in western Illinois in 2011) and it should probably not keep us from planting in the last week of April. Higher, drier fields are less likely to suffer from this, and should be planted first.